First Digraphs

This page has one digraph/letter pattern for each of the remaining sounds in our English language (approx 43 sounds). Once your child has learnt these, as well as the short letter sound for each letter of the alphabet (step 2), learning to write becomes much easier. 

Note: These are the first digraphs from the Jolly Phonics program. 

ai

rain

train

sail

snail

paid

paint

wait

jail

sail

nail

plain

pain

brain

gain

again

afraid

strain

sprain

oa

boat

goat

throat

float

groan

moan

soap

coast

roast

road

loaf

croak

roam

foam

 

 

 

ie

pie

magpie

lie

tie

die

 

 

ee

free

bee

been

green

keen

need

feed

bleed

greed

deep

sleep

creep

beep

meet

feet

jeep

speed

 

or

for

fork

pork

cord

lord

horn

torn

corn

worn

snort

sort

snort

sport

ng

sing

ring

king

wing

sting

spring

string

bring

song

long

strong

belong

sung

lung

stung

oo (short)

look

book

cook

hook

took

foot

good

wood

stood

brook

 

oo (long)

food

mood

moon

spoon

soon

noon

hoop

loop

boot

roof

hoot

ch

chin

chip

chimp

chick

check

chest

cheese

cheep

chain

coach

poach

pooch

porch

torch

bench

trench

stench

bunch

lunch

crunch

munch

punch

rich

sh

shop

sheep

deep

short

shook

shed

shelf

shift

dish

wish

fish

flesh

brush

flush

flash

crash

smash

splash

dash

shack

shock

Tip: We only use “ck” when the /c/ sound comes immediately after a short vowel sound. 

 

 

th

this

that

then

them

with

th

thin

think

thank

three

thorn

throb

thing

moth

cloth

tenth

 

qu

queen

quest

quit

quilt

quiet

quill

quack

quick

quill

Tip: We generally use “ck” and double “l”, “s”, “z” and “f” after a short vowel sound in one-syllable words. 

ou
oi

oil

boil

foil

spoil

coin

join

point

joint

moist

join

toilet

ue

cue

blue

argue

value

rescue

er

her

herb

perch

fern

ster

winter

sister

river

number

blister

silver

perch

river

never

ar

far

car

jar

star

arm

harm

hard

sharp

start

smart

card

scarf

march

yard

dark

bark

shark

spark

Tip: only use “ck” if the /c/ sound comes immediately after a short vowel sound. 

 

 

ck

trick

track

truck

block

black

stuck

stock

stick

stack

clock

cluck

click

snack

snuck

 

ai

ee

ie

oa

ue

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